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How to Install and Get started with Linux

By, Saurabh Kavhar
10th August 2022

It is a Unix-based operating system, and Linux is an open-source operating system as per the GNU. Linux turned into first released by Linus Torvalds, however, he wasn’t the only one who contributed to its development. Being open-source, there have been hundreds of participants and this caused the development of numerous distributions based on Linux. Linux distros include Ubuntu, Fedora, and Arch Linux.

Linux was based on Unix but didn’t have the Unix code – most effective their architecture was the same. Linux replaced Unix as the main OS for businesses and technologies with the emergence of an open-source OS. While Linux isn’t as popular as Windows nowadays, some businesses and individuals prefer Linux because it’s lightweight, fast, open-source, and relaxed. One of the most important aspects is the open-supply aspect. Because of its potential to create any other OS from it, and the added protection offered by a Linux kernel, it has become much more popular.

The purpose of this blog is to help you understand Linux fundamentals and how to use it if you are also trying to jump on the Linux bandwagon.

Linux can be distributed in several different ways, as we’ve already mentioned. The pros and cons of each distribution differ, and some are based on others. In this regard, it is important to choose a distribution that meets your needs. Ubuntu, Debian, or Manjaro are the easiest to use and get started with as opposed to other Linux distributions when you are just getting started with Linux. People with good knowledge of Linux and experience with it should choose Arch Linux, Fedora, or Gentoo as their next distribution.

It is then necessary to install the Linux distro that you have chosen on your computer. Installing and using the distro of your choice on your computer can be done in a variety of ways. We will go through the two common ones by using an external drive or by creating a virtual machine.

DVDs and USBs are examples of external drives. The bootable drive or installation will work if you have any of these items. Firstly, you must boot your system with the distro. Start with plugging in the USB or DVD containing the distro and restart your computer. When you restart the computer, the booting process should start automatically.

In case it doesn’t, you need to change the “boot order” of your BIOS or UEFI or select a “boot device”. There are different ways of accessing the BIOS/UEFI of different systems. Figure out how to do it on your system and change the boot order or select a boot device. With the latest computers having Windows 10, you may have to disable the “Secure Boot” feature to boot a Linux distro.

It doesn’t matter what distro you use, the “Terminal” is the cornerstone. A terminal is a command line interface (CLI) that allows users to run executable commands on their computers. Linux is equipped with this feature, which enables you to communicate with your computer in a more comprehensive manner. Understanding the terminal is crucial to getting the most out of Linux. Any command that can be executed through the GUI can also be executed using the command line. 

Below is the list of some basic commands in Linux:

Commands

Description

mkdir

Creates a directory in the directory you are present in

cd

Takes you to another directory

date

Gives the current date & time

is

Displays the list of files and folders in the current directory

cp

Used to copy directory, files, folders and their content.

mv

Moves files, folders and their content.

pwd

Shows the current working directory

rm

Deletes a file

kill

Terminates the current process

find

Search anything you want

rmdir

Deletes a directory

The Gnome Editor:

GNOME Nano is a command-line text editor that we use to create text files using the Terminal. Files of different extensions can be created with Nano. As an example, we can use the following commands to create a coded Java file: sudo nano test.java

There are various commands that can be used to type, compile, and run Java code. Therefore, Linux and its Terminal also make it possible to learn Java.

Installing Additional Software In Linux:

Linux distributions come with certain operations pre-installed, similar to Firefox’s cybersurfer,” LibreOffice”, the Linux volition to Microsoft Office,” Thunderbird”, and so on. In addition to these operations, you may wish to install other bones grounded on your requirements. Some distros, similar to Ubuntu and Fedora, offer Software Stores to meet this need. For others, you can install the needed software from your cybersurfer and the Outstation. Some commands let you add “ depositories ” of the operations, and you can install them using.

What did we learn:

This blog went along through the ways you can install and exercise Linux distros on your systems. We also tried at guiding you through the basics and how to navigate through the early cases you might face while utilizing Linux as a freshman. The distros of Linux are relatively delightful to exercise if you get the hang of it. We hope that this composition helped you out and you’ll enjoy the Linux experience

 

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